by MALCOLM O'NEILL

 

This period was considered by some to be a "swan-song" for trade tests on the ITV Network in certain regions, with scheduled commitments cutting into the time devoted to the test card, and the new periods of colour bars and colour slides. This was especially so from the autumn of 1972, when broadcasting hours were relaxed, and ITV took full advantage of this. It was also the era of declining standards and "worn-out" tapes. However, the choice of material used was excellent, and where else at that time, apart from Radio 3, could one be treated to such a varied choice of the finest classical music.

From the Spring of 1970, the following display sequence was used hourly for most transmitters (sound sequence in brackets), although there may well have been regional variations:

Colour Bars

0.00 to 0.05 / 0.30 to 0.35 (tone)

Test Card F

0.05 to 0.15 / 0.20 to 0.30 / 0.35 to 0.45 / 0.50 to 0.00 (1 min silence, music)

Colour Slides

0.15 to 0.19 / 0.45 to 0.49 (music)

Transmitter Ident

0.19 to 0.20 / 0.49 to 0.50 (voice)

 

However the sequences were different for Border and STV:

Colour Bars

0.00 to 0.05 / 0.30 to 0.35 (tone)

Test Card F

0.05 to 0.25 / 0.35 to 0.55 (1 min silence, music)

Colour Slides

0.25 to 0.29 / 0.55 to 0.59 (music)

Transmitter Ident

0.29 to 0.30 / 0.59 to 0.00 (voice)

 

Grampian was different again:

Colour Bars

0.00 to 0.05 / 0.30 to 0.35 (tone)

Transmitter Ident

0.05 to 0.06 / 0.35 to 0.36 (voice)

Colour Slides

0.06 to 0.10 / 0.36 to 0.40 (music)

Test Card F

0.10 to 0.30 / 0.40 to 0.00 (music)

 

Since Grampian's Transmitter identification took place during what would have otherwise been one minute's silence, Grampian viewers were treated to a little more music than Border or STV!

 

SELECT START DATE:

 

The schedule commencing on 4th May 1970 was virtually identical for both transmitter groups. Close analysis of the ITA printed sheets for this period appears to indicate that the only slight difference between the two is the selection of piano pieces used from the Cziffra Recital LP.

GROUP A from LP

COMMENCING: 4th May 1970

AVIEMORE, ARFON, BALA, FFESTINIOG, FREMONT POINT, HUNTSHAW CROSS, LLANDOVERY, LLANDRINDOD WELLS, MOEL-Y-PARC, MOUNTEAGLE, PRESELY, RUMSTER FOREST, STOCKLAND HILL

Times

Title

Artists

Label

Number

Comments

09.36 - 10.00
11.36 - 12.00
13.36 - 14.00
15.36 - 16.00

Famous Popular Overtures

Royal Philharmonic Orchestra / Sargent

HMV

XLP 20034

Side 2

Side 1 Band 1

10.06 - 10.30
12.06 - 12.30
14.06 - 14.30
16.06 – 16.30

SCHUMANN: Piano Concerto in A minor, Op 54

Hess / Philharmonia Orchestra / Schwarz

HMV

HQM 1014

Side 1 only

10.36 - 11.00
12.36 – 13.00
14.36 – 15.00

Halle Favourites

Halle Orchestra / Barbirolli

HMV

HQM 1122

Side 1 only

11.06 - 11.30
13.06 – 13.30
15.06 – 15.30

A Cziffra Recital

Cziffra

HMV

ALP 1803

Side 1 complete

Side 2 Band 1

   

GROUP B from TAPE

COMMENCING: 4th May 1970

ABERGAVENNY, ANGUS, BATH, BELMONT, BLACK HILL, BLACK MOUNTAIN, BRECON, BURNHOPE, CALDBECK, CARADON HILL, CHILLERTON DOWN, CROYDON, CRYSTAL PALACE, DOVER, DURRIS, EMLEY MOOR, LETHANHILL, LICHFIELD, MEMBURY, MENDELSHAM, RICHMOND HILL, RIDGE HILL, ROSENEATH, ROTHESAY, ROWRIDGE, ST. HILARY, SANDY HEATH, SCARBOROUGH, SELKIRK, SHEFFIELD, STRABANE, SUTTON COLDFIELD, WALTHAM, WENVOE, WHITEHAVEN, WINTER HILL

Times

Title

Artists

Label

Number

Comments

09.36 - 10.00
11.36 - 12.00
13.36 - 14.00
15.36 - 16.00

Famous Popular Overtures

Royal Philharmonic Orchestra / Sargent

HMV

XLP 20034

Side 2

Side 1 Band 1

10.06 - 10.30
12.06 - 12.30
14.06 - 14.30
16.06 – 16.30

SCHUMANN: Piano Concerto in A minor, Op 54

Hess / Philharmonia Orchestra / Schwarz

HMV

HQM 1014

Side 1 only

10.36 - 11.00
12.36 – 13.00
14.36 – 15.00

Halle Favourites

Halle Orchestra / Barbirolli

HMV

HQM 1122

Side 1 only

11.06 - 11.30
13.06 – 13.30
15.06 – 15.30

A Cziffra Recital

Cziffra

HMV

ALP 1803

Side 1 complete,

omitting Band 3

 

Side 2 Bands 1,2 and 3 only

 

 

Musical content between the two transmitter groups varied again slightly with the December 1970 schedule:

 GROUP A from LP

COMMENCING: 21st December 1970

AVIEMORE, FREMONT POINT, HUNTSHAW CROSS, MOUNTEAGLE,

RUMSTER FOREST, STOCKLAND HILL

Times

Title

Artists

Label

Number

Comments

09.36 - 10.00
11.36 - 12.00
13.36 - 14.00
15.36 - 16.00

Gilbert and Sullivan Overtures

Pro Arte Orchestra / Sargent

HMV

SXLP 20003

Side 1

Side 2 Band 1

This is the stereo version of the disc used in the Spring 1968 schedule.

10.06 - 10.30
12.06 - 12.30
14.06 - 14.30
16.06 – 16.30

On the Beautiful Blue Danube

New York Philharmonic Orchestra / Bernstein

CBS

61135

Side 1

Side 2 Band 1

10.36 - 11.00
12.36 – 13.00
14.36 – 15.00

Overture Spectacular

Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra / Groves

COLUMBIA

TWO 190

Side 1

Side 2 Band 1

11.06 - 11.30
13.06 – 13.30
15.06 – 15.30

BEETHOVEN: Piano Concerto No 5 in E flat major, Op 73 ("Emperor")

Barenboim / New Philharmonia Orchestra / Klemperer

HMV

ASD 2500

Side 1

Side 2 Band 1

The equivalent tape schedule, shown below, had a duration of approximately 1 hour 45 minutes before being repeated. Timings have, therefore, been excluded.

GROUP B from TAPE

COMMENCING: 21st December 1970

ABERGAVENNY, ANGUS, ARFON, BALA, BATH, BELMONT, BLACK HILL, BLACK MOUNTAIN, BRECON, BURNHOPE, CALDBECK, CARADON HILL, CHILLERTON DOWN, CROYDON, CRYSTAL PALACE, DOVER, DURRIS, EMLEY MOOR, FFESTINIOG, LETHANHILL, LICHFIELD, LLANDOVERY, LLANDRINDOD WELLS, MEMBURY, MENDELSHAM, MOEL-Y-PARC, PRESELEY, RICHMOND HILL, RIDGE HILL, ROSENEATH, ROTHESAY, ROWRIDGE, ST. HILARY, SANDY HEATH, SCARBOROUGH, SELKIRK, SHEFFIELD, STRABANE, SUTTON COLDFIELD, WALTHAM, WENVOE, WHITEHAVEN, WINTER HILL

Times

Title

Artists

Label

Number

Comments

Gilbert and Sullivan Overtures

Pro Arte Orchestra / Sargent

HMV

SXLP 20003

Side 1

Side 2 Bands 1 & 2

This is the stereo version of the disc used in the Spring 1968 schedule.

Viennese Prom Concert

Halle Orchestra / Barbirolli

COLUMBIA

TWO 180

Only two bands were used: Radetzsky March and Perpetuum Mobile

Overture Spectacular

Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra / Groves

COLUMBIA

TWO 190

Side 1

Side 2 Band 1

BEETHOVEN: Piano Concerto No 5 in E flat major, Op 73 (Emperor)

Barenboim / New Philharmonia Orchestra / Klemperer

HMV

ASD 2500

Side 1

Side 2 Band 1

 

 

 In May 1971, the Group A LP schedule and Group B tape schedule were identical in musical content:

GROUP A from LP

COMMENCING: 24th May 1971

AVIEMORE, FREMONT POINT, HUNTSHAW CROSS, MOUNTEAGLE,

RUMSTER FOREST, STOCKLAND HILL

GROUP B from TAPE

COMMENCING: 24th May 1971

ALL TRANSMITTERS EXCEPT THOSE LISTED IN GROUP A ABOVE

Times

Title

Artists

Label

Number

Comments

09.36 - 10.00
11.36 - 12.00
13.36 - 14.00
15.36 - 16.00

BEETHOVEN: Symphony No 6 in F major, Op 68 (Pastoral)

Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra / Cluytens

HMV

ASD 433

Side 1 only

10.06 - 10.30
12.06 - 12.30
14.06 - 14.30
16.06 – 16.30

MOZART: Symphony No 41 in C major, K551 (Jupiter)

Philharmonia Orchestra / Klemperer

COLUMBIA

SAX 2486

 

10.36 - 11.00
12.36 – 13.00
14.36 – 15.00

TCHAIKOVSKY: Symphony No 5 in E minor, Op 64

Philharmonia Orchestra / Klemperer

COLUMBIA

SAX 2497

Side 1 only

11.06 - 11.30
13.06 – 13.30
15.06 – 15.30

BEETHOVEN: Piano Concerto No 4 in G major, Op 58

Barenboim / New Philharmonia Orchestra / Klemperer

HMV

ASD 2550

 

 

 The December 1971 schedule varied slightly between transmitter groups:

GROUP A from LP

COMMENCING: 6th December 1971

FREMONT POINT, MOUNTEAGLE, AVIEMORE, RUMSTER FOREST

Times

Title

Artists

Label

Number

Comments

09.36 - 10.00
11.36 - 12.00
13.36 - 14.00
15.36 - 16.00

TCHAIKOVSKY: Sleeping Beauty and Swan Lake (extracts)

Philharmonia Orchestra / Karajan

COLUMBIA

SAX 2306

Side 2 first

10.06 - 10.30
12.06 - 12.30
14.06 - 14.30
16.06 – 16.30

MOZART: Eine Kleine Nachtmusik, K525

New Philharmonia Orchestra / Klemperer

COLUMBIA

SAX 5252

 

HANDEL: Concerto Grosso in A minor, Op 6 No 4

Philharmonia Orchestra / Klemperer

COLUMBIA

SAX 5252

 

10.36 - 11.00
12.36 – 13.00
14.36 – 15.00

BRAHMS; Piano Concerto No 2 in B flat major, Op 83

Barenboim / New Philharmonia Orchestra / Barbirolli

HMV

ASD 2413

Side 1 only

11.06 - 11.30
13.06 – 13.30
15.06 – 15.30

MOZART: Symphony No 29 in A major, K201

New Philharmonia Orchestra / Klemperer

COLUMBIA

SAX 5256

 

The Group B tape schedule below would have been recorded on two one-hour tapes.

During the 00 to 06 tone break the tape machine would have been left playing, but the output not transmitted.

GROUP B from TAPE

COMMENCING: 6th December 1971

ALL TRANSMITTERS EXCEPT THOSE IN THE ABOVE TABLE

Times

Title

Artists

Label

Number

Comments

09.30 - 10.30
11.30 - 12.30
13.30 - 14.30
15.30 - 16.30

TCHAIKOVSKY: Sleeping Beauty and Swan Lake (extracts)

Philharmonia Orchestra / Karajan

COLUMBIA

SAX 2306

Side 2 first

MOZART: Eine Kleine Nachtmusik, K525

New Philharmonia Orchestra / Klemperer

COLUMBIA

SAX 5252

 

10.30 - 11.30
12.30 - 13.30
14.30 - 15.30

BRAHMS; Piano Concerto No 2 in B flat major, Op 83

Barenboim / New Philharmonia Orchestra / Barbirolli

HMV

ASD 2413

Side 1 only

MOZART: Symphony No 29 in A major, K201

New Philharmonia Orchestra / Klemperer

COLUMBIA

SAX 5256

 

HANDEL: Concerto Grosso in A minor, Op 6 No 4

Philharmonia Orchestra / Klemperer

COLUMBIA

SAX 5252

 

 

 

The final three schedules brought to an end so many wonderful years of music to remember long after its demise on daily transmission. Sadly, and especially in the final schedule from 1974, the sound quality was to deteriorate gradually, as ITV trade was quite forgotten about progressively over the next few years. By 1979, both the tape and Ferrograph machines, not to mention the test cards themselves, were so badly out of condition that the long summer strike was to see a final curtain once and for all.

 

The June 1972 schedule had more significant variations between transmitter groups:

 GROUP A from LP

COMMENCING: 5th June 1972

MOUNTEAGLE, RUMSTER FOREST, AVIEMORE and FREMONT POINT

Times

Title

Artists

Label

Number

Comments

09.36 - 10.00
11.36 - 12.00
13.36 - 14.00
15.36 - 16.00

RIMSKY-KORSAKOV: Scheherazade, Op 35

USSR Symphony Orchestra / Svetlanov

HMV MELODIYA

ASD 2520

Side 1 Track 2

(consists of the first two movements of Scheherazade)

10.06 - 10.30
12.06 - 12.30
14.06 - 14.30
16.06 – 16.30

RIMSKY-KORSAKOV: Scheherazade, Op 35 (continued)

USSR Symphony Orchestra / Svetlanov

HMV MELODIYA

ASD 2520

Side 2 Tracks 1 & 2

10.36 - 11.00
12.36 – 13.00
14.36 – 15.00

MENDELSSOHN: Symphony No 4 in A major, Op 90 (Italian)

Philharmonia Orchestra / Klemperer

COLUMBIA

SAX 2398

Side 1. Stereo version of the recording used in the Autumn 1963 schedule

11.06 - 11.30
13.06 – 13.30
15.06 – 15.30

SCHUBERT: Symphony No 5 in B flat major, D485

Philharmonia Orchestra / Klemperer

COLUMBIA

SAX 2514

Side 1

The equivalent tape schedule, shown below, had a duration of approximately 2 hours before being repeated. Again, it would have been recorded on two one-hour tapes, the switchover between them taking place during the tone break between 30 and 36 minutes past the hour. During the 00 to 06 tone break the tape machine would have been left playing, but the output not transmitted. The two tapes were of shorter duration from transmitters in Northern Ireland.

GROUP B from TAPE

COMMENCING: 5th June 1972

ALL TRANSMITTERS EXCEPT THOSE IN THE ABOVE TABLE

Times

Title

Artists

Label

Number

Comments

09.30 - 10.30
11.30 - 12.30
13.30 - 14.30
15.30 - 16.30

RIMSKY-KORSAKOV: Scheherazade, Op 35

USSR Symphony Orchestra / Svetlanov

HMV MELODIYA

ASD 2520

Side 1 Track 2

(consists of the first two movements of Scheherazade)

RIMSKY-KORSAKOV: Scheherazade, Op 35 (continued)

USSR Symphony Orchestra / Svetlanov

HMV MELODIYA

ASD 2520

Side 2 Tracks 1 & 2

MOZART: Horn Concertos

Civil / Philharmonia Orchestra / Klemperer

COLUMBIA

SAX 2406

Side 1

(excluded from Northern Ireland transmitters)

10.30 - 11.30
12.30 - 13.30
14.30 - 15.30

MENDELSSOHN: Symphony No 4 in A major, Op 90 (Italian)

Philharmonia Orchestra / Klemperer

COLUMBIA

SAX 2398

Side 1. Stereo version of the recording used in the Autumn 1963 schedule

SCHUBERT: Symphony No 5 in B flat major, D485

Philharmonia Orchestra / Klemperer

COLUMBIA

SAX 2514

Side 1

SCHUBERT: Symphony No 8 in B minor, D759, ‘The Unfinished’

Philharmonia Orchestra / Klemperer

COLUMBIA

SAX 2514

Side 2, part only

(excluded from Northern Ireland transmitters)

 

  

In January 1973, the schedule, featuring only two works, was reduced to one hour duration before being repeated. It is not clear which transmitters remained in Group A. In Group B, the two tape machines with automatic switchover were still used, the concerto being recorded on the first tape, the symphony on the second. The complete symphony would not have been used, but only sufficient to last up until the tone break.

GROUP A from LP

COMMENCING: 8th January 1973

?

GROUP B from TAPE

COMMENCING: 8th January 1973

MOST TRANSMITTERS

Times

Title

Artists

Label

Number

Comments

09.36 - 10.00
10.36 - 11.00
11.36 - 12.00
12.36 - 13.00
13.36 - 14.00
14.36 - 15.00
15.36 - 16.00

MOZART: Piano Concerto No 27 in B flat major, K595

Barenboim / English Chamber Orchestra

HMV

ASD 2465

 

10.06 - 10.30
11.06 - 11.30
12.06 - 12.30
13.06 - 13.30
14.06 - 14.30
15.06 - 15.30
16.06 - 16.30

DVORAK: Symphony No 9 in E minor, Op 95 (From the New World)

Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra / Karajan

COLUMBIA

SAX 2275

Stereo version of the recording used in the Autumn 1969 schedule

 

The final schedule below was used at all transmitters for all periods of trade, including 1975, when ITV cut costs by remaining "closed" during the summer months until lunchtime, as well as for the two national strikes later in the seventies. It is not thought that any more music was heard with test card transmissions on ITV after 1979. The operation of this schedule would have been similar to that described for its predecessor above. 

GROUP A from LP

COMMENCING: 21st October 1974

?

GROUP B from TAPE

COMMENCING: 21st October 1974

MOST TRANSMITTERS

Times

Title

Artists

Label

Number

Comments

09.36 - 10.00
10.36 - 11.00
11.36 - 12.00
12.36 - 13.00
13.36 - 14.00
14.36 - 15.00
15.36 - 16.00

BEETHOVEN: Piano Concerto No 3 in C minor, Op 37

Barenboim / New Philharmonia Orchestra / Klemperer

HMV

ASD 2579

 

10.06 - 10.30
11.06 - 11.30
12.06 - 12.30
13.06 - 13.30
14.06 - 14.30
15.06 - 15.30
16.06 - 16.30

TCHAIKOVSKY: Piano Concerto No 1 in B flat minor, Op 23

Ogdon / New Philharmonia Orchestra / Barbirolli

HMV

ASD 542

1st & 2nd movements only

 

 

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 Revised: 05/09/05


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